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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


Manuscript must be prepared in English language.


Manuscripts must be typed on one side of A4 paper with a minimum of 3 cm margin on all sides. Every page, including those with tables, figures and captions, should be numbered consecutively on the upper right hand corner.

Character, font size and spacing:

Only Times New Roman Character is allowed;

Font 14 for title, font 12 for subheading and main body of the text;

Font 11 may be allowed in the case of tables and figures where necessary;

Use double line spacing throughout the manuscript;

Use single line spacing for tables, figures, legends, footnotes and references.



Manuscript should be assembled in the following order: Title (no separate title page), author(s), abstract including keywords (Maximum of four), the body (Text) and references.  The text is further divided into the following sections:

  1. Introduction;
  2. Materials and Methods;
  3. Results and Discussion together or Results thereafter Discussion;
  4. Conclusions and/or contribution (s) to knowledge;
  5. Acknowledgement (s) (If any):
  6. References:



Should have the following features:

  1. Keep the length short as possible, not more than twenty (20) words.
  2. Write in bold and upper case (capital) letters
  3. Begin at the first page of the paper.
  4. Running Title: Begin the phrase ‘Running Title’ at the left hand margin and follow with a period. On the same line, write in not more eight words as abbreviated title that could be used as a running title for the article. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word.



  1. Place the author(s) name(s) two spaces below the title in capitals;
  2. Asterisk the corresponding author's name and thereafter indicate the email address;
  3. Give authors’ institutional affiliations/address (s);



It must observe the followings:

  1. Contains a maximum of three (300) words;
  2. Contains no reference (s);
  3. Contains no tables and figures;
  4. State in clear terms what was done, why it was done, how it was done, findings, and recommendations.

Headings and Subheadings:

  1. Main section headings should begin at the left hand margin;
  2. It should be in sentence case, font 14 and bolded but not underlined;
  3. Sub-headings also begin at the left-hand margin in font 12 and bolded.


As much as possible, use only common names of research materials used.  Scientific (botanical and zoological) or Vernacular names should be italicized.  After the first mention of scientific name, you are free to use the common names only or interchangeably use them.

Units of measurements:

Use metric units throughout the text. Examples include metre, kilogram, second, kelvin, etc.


Tables should observe the following features:

  1. It should be numbered in Arabic numerals;
  2. Place a table where it should be located in the body of the text;
  3. Give three line column spacing before placing a table and another three line column spacing before discussing the table;
  4. Start discussing a table after its introduction and spacing;
  5. As much as possible, let the table be in a page and not scroll over to another page;
  6. Where the table unavoidably scrolls to another page, the number should be suffixed with continued, e.g 'Table 1 continued';
  7. Only three row lines are allowed and no column lines are allowed beginning immediately after the title;
  8. Begin the title of the table at the top left hand margin, and end with a period.
  9. Footnotes for table should be designated with superscript lower-case letters;
  10. Sources of tables should be clearly stated including self-generated tables.


  1. Data may be presented either in graphical or tabular form, but the same data must not be presented in both forms;
  2. Photographs must have a good contrast, glossy, in black and white;
  3. Colour photographs are not acceptable. Figure captions should immediately follow the figure in question;
  4. Begin title of figure at bottom left hand margin, and end with a period.


Summary of Requirements of contents of main text of the manuscript

Introduction: This should contain:

  1. Brief review of literature on previous works exposing gaps in knowledge;
  2. At least six relevant, current and recent references on subject matter
  3. Statement of problem and justification of study;
  4. Objectives of study and
  5. Should not be more than one and half A4 pages


Materials and Methods:

  1. Materials used and their sources should be clearly stated;
  2. Research design used should be fully explained;
  3. All methods of analyses must be fully referenced;
  4. All statistical analyses method must be stated and fully referenced;


Results and Discussion:

  1. Data presentation should be in tables, figures or descriptive;
  2. After mention of data, discussion should follow immediately;
  3. Headings and sub-headings should be concise, precise and comprehensible;
  4. Review articles require at least thirty relevant and recent publications.


Conclusions and/or contribution (s) to knowledge:

  1. State whether the stated objectives were attained or not;
  2. Contributions to knowledge if any must be stated.



IJAFAB generally adopt the author and date referencing pattern.  Literature citation in the text should be done by referring to the author(s) last name(s) and the year(s) of publication. In referring to a publication with more than two authors, use the first author’s name followed by et al.

All references to publication made in the text, except those footnoted, should be arranged alphabetically on author’s names and chronologically per author. If single author is also the first author of co-authored publications, the following order should be used; publications’ dates; publications of same author with one co-author; publications of author with more than one-co-author.  List the title of all publications as they appear in the original article. Do not abbreviate periodical names under the list of references.

In referencing, names of journals, titles of books, conference name / theme should be bolded while topics should be italicized and listed as follows:

Citation of Journal articles:

  • Ndukwe, O. O. , Muoneke, C. O.,  Baiyeri, K. P. and Tenkouano, A.  (2011). Growth and yield responses of plantain genotypes as influenced by organic and inorganic fertilizers. Journal of Plant Nutrition, Vol. 34 (5): 700-716.


Citation of books and articles from books:

  • Saxena, M. (2013). Commercial Agriculture: Theory and Practice. Random publications, New Delhi, India.
  • Igwe, E. C. (2000). Food Security in Agriculture in Adamawa State, pp. 120 – 126. Edited by E. C. Igwe. Paraclete Publishers, Yola, Nigeria.


Citations of Proceeding, edited symposia

  • Komolafe, D.A. (1980). Weed and their control in perennial plantation crops in Nigeria. In; Weed and their control in the humid and sub-humid tropics, IITA Proceedings Series edited by Akobundu, I. O. No. 3: pp. 344-349.


Secondary citations:

  • Ikegwu, T. M. (2019).  Effects of polyphosphates on storage stability of smoked fishes. Journal of stored products 12: 35 – 40. In Nwokenkwo, C.R. (1993). Curing ingredients for animal products.  Journal of Food Processing 9: 95 - 110.


Acknowledgement (s) (If any):

  • Mention of assistance received in whatever form should be done.


Ethical Values

  1. Relevant cultural, religious, social and legal ethical observances observed or not observed must be mentioned.
  2. Conflict of Interest: Author (s) should clearly declare whether there is conflict of interest or not.


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