https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/issue/feed Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education 2020-09-21T15:07:51+00:00 Prof. Faith E. Anyachebelu fe.anyachebelu@unizik.edu.ng Open Journal Systems <p>JECAPE is a publication of the Department of Early Childhood and Primary Education, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.</p> <p>JECAPE publishes high-quality articles in early childhood and primary education as well as in other areas of education. It is a peer review journal. Such articles must be written in good English language. JECAPE is published yearly. Publication shall be both online and off-line. Authors are to send their articles through <a href="mailto:jecape@journals.unizik.edu.ng">jecape@journals.unizik.edu.ng</a></p> https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/437 PERCEIVED INFLUENCE OF MEMORIZATION AND SELF INSTRUCTIONAL LEARNING STRATEGIES ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ENGISH STUDIES IN IDEMILI NORTH LGA, ANAMBRA STATE 2020-09-17T23:12:54+00:00 Royaline Amarachi Ikebuaso aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Ifeoma Mabel Obumneke-Okeke aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>The study was designed to determine the perceived influence of memorization and self-instructional learning strategies on primary school pupils’ academic performance in English studies in Idemili North Local Government Area of Anambra State. Two research questions guided the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population of the study comprised of 428 primary school teachers in 70 public primary schools in Idemili North Local Government Area of Anambra State. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 80 primary school teachers from 10 public primary schools out of the 70 public primary schools. The researcher developed a questionnaire titled “Perceived Influence of Memorization and Self-Instructional Learning Strategy on Pupils Academic Performance (PIMSLS-PAP)”. The instrument was validated by three experts two from Department of Early Childhood and Primary education and one from Measurement and Evaluation, Department of Educational Foundations all from the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Cronbach alpha was used to test the reliability of the instrument and reliability coefficient of 0.83 and 0.76 was obtained with an overall reliability coefficient of 0.80 was obtained. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data collected. Findings of the study revealed that primary school teachers agreed that memorization strategy enhances the reading culture of pupils, reduces tensions among pupils’ when studying English studies and is easy and quick for teaching pupils among others. The study disclosed that primary school teachers perceived that self-instructional strategy improves pupils’ reading, speaking, writing and pronunciation skills among others. It was recommended among others that English studies teachers in primary school should create an atmosphere that is conducive for pupils to memorize and use self instructional learning strategy in order to instil reading culture and improve their proficiency in English studies.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/436 KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS TOWARDS PRE-MARITAL SICKLE CELL SCREENING 2020-09-17T23:03:27+00:00 Chukwuebuka Nnadozie Bosah aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Chukwubuikem Eugene Alagbu aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>This study focused on the knowledge and attitude of undergraduate students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, (NAU) Awka towards sickle cell screening. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The design of the study was descriptive survey design. Simple random sampling technique by balloting was used to select two faculties from the 13 faculties at Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Using simple random sampling technique, a sample size of 200 (100 for male and 100 for female undergraduate students) were selected. A well-structured 32 item questionnaire with two clusters was used for collection of data. The instrument was validated by three experts, two from the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education and one expert from Measurement and Evaluation Unit of Educational Foundation Department both in Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The reliability of the instrument was established using the Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability Coefficient and the reliability obtained on cluster bases were 0.86 and 0.79 respectively. The overall reliability obtained was 0.82. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer research question one, simple percentage was used to answer research question two. T-test was used for the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that both male and female students of the university have good knowledge of the pre-marital sickle cell screening and both male and female have negative attitude towards the screening. The researchers concluded that based on this finding, there is still much work to be done among the undergraduate students in the area of practicing pre-marital sickle cell screening Based on the findings the researchers recommended among others that the issue of creating awareness about sickle cell (SCD) should be a continuous process in the media and in the schools.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/435 EXTENT OF GOVERNMENT’S INVOLVEMENT IN PROMOTING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION FOR BASIC EDUCATION DELIVERY IN OWEERI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL, IMO STATE 2020-09-17T22:53:14+00:00 Chidimma E. Ekweozor aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Chukwuebuka N. Bosah aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Gift O. Elechi aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>This study investigated the extent of government’s involvement in promoting inclusive education for Basic education delivery in Owerri municipality, Imo state. A descriptive survey design was adopted. Three research questions guided the study. All the 142 pre-primary school teachers in the 24 government owned pre-primary schools in Owerri Municipality were used for the study, hence there was no sampling because all the participants were used due to the small number of the population. A 30 item Questionnaire titled “Extent of Government’s Involvement in Promoting Inclusive Education for Basic Education Delivery” (EGIPIEBED) was used to collect the data. The instrument was validated by 3 research experts. The data collected were analysed using mean. A gross reliability coefficient of 0.67 was obtained using Cronbach-Alpha method. The major findings of the study were that extent of government’s involvement in providing human and material resources for promoting inclusive education is of low extent. Also, the government is lagging behind in rendering some services that are deemed fit for effective inclusive education. Based on the findings, it was recommended that government should endeavour to employ adequate and qualified human resources needed for effective inclusive education. Also government should provide the necessary material resources needed for promoting inclusive education.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/434 NUTRITION AND HEALTH PRACTICES IN EARLY CHILDHOOD: IMPLICATION FOR CHILD DEVELOPMENT 2020-09-17T22:45:07+00:00 Ikechukwu R. Udeagbala aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Doris I. Ugwude aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Ifeoma P. Bosah aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>The study focused on the nutrition and health practices in early childhood and its implication for child development. The study was carried out in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State. Three research questions guided the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted to carry out the study. The population of the study was 82 private schools in Awka South L.G.A with 246 early childhood teachers. Simple random sampling was used to select 137 early childhood teachers from 52 schools randomly selected from the study area. A structured questionnaire titled Nutrition and Health Practices in Early Childhood (NHPEC) was used as the instrument for data collection which contained twenty-three (23) items. The validation of the instrument was done by three experts, two from Early Childhood and Primary Education and one expert from department of educational management and policy. Cronbach alpha was to determine the reliability of the instrument at 0.70. The analysis of the data was done through mean score. Findings revealed that, early childhood caregivers are aware in area of nutrition practices that contributes to child development but lacks programs like seminar that will help them to keep up with new knowledge that concerns nutrition and child development. And ways government is involved in issues concerning nutrition and health practices in early childcare centers is unsatisfactory. Based on the findings, it was recommended, among others, that school children should be fed with a balanced and healthy diet and regular scheduled immunization should be maintained by the government.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/432 PERCEIVED INFLUENCE OF PLAY ON LEARNING ACTIVITIES AMONG PUPILS IN ANAMBRA STATE 2020-09-17T18:12:53+00:00 Roseline A. Mbachi aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Joy O. Enemuo aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Tonia U. Chigbo-Obasi aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>The study examined perceived influence of play on learning activities among pupils in Anambra State. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The population of the study comprised all the 128 teachers (77 males and 51 females) from the 33 public primary schools in Njikoka L. G. A. of Anambra State. The reliability of the instrument was obtained using Cronbach Alpha method which yielded 0.82. An item structured questionnaire was developed and used for data collection. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. The null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Major findings revealed that play is one of the essential ways pupils learn problem-solving skills, develop their self-confidence, develop their cognitive skills by introducing them to new ideas, absorb experience into existing schema and develop mental capacity to improve learning performance. It was therefore recommended among others that Anambra State Government, through the academic planners should integrate appropriate play such as structured, unstructured and risky play in their curriculum development to enhance learning. Teachers should also be exposed to training on learning activities in order to up-date their skills and knowledge on organizing play suitable for pupils.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/431 AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD LITERACY CURRICULUM IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN ORUMBA SOUTH 2020-09-17T17:55:51+00:00 Juliana O. Nnabugwu aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Lilian N. Onwuka aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Doris I. Ugwude aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional materials for the implementation of early childhood literacy curriculum in public schools in Orumba South L.G.A, of Anambra State. Two research questions guided the study. The design was a descriptive survey. The population comprised of 110 pre-school teachers. A sample of 50 pre-school teachers were drawn using simple random sampling techniques. Instrument for data collection was a questionnaire which was developed by the researchers. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha Reliability Coefficient which yielded a value of 0.60 and 0.70 with an overall reliability of 0.65. Data collected were analyzed using percentage, mean and standard deviation. The major findings were: that some of the instructional materials were not available for in the implementation of early childhood literacy curriculum and that teachers do not use some of the instructional materials. In conclusion, the teacher do not use instructional materials which would have helped them for gain information’s, think, recall and also assimilate what they have been taught. This hinder the implementation of early childhood literacy curriculum. Based on these findings, recommendation was made: The State Government and Parents Teacher Association (P.T.A) should join hands in providing instructional materials in early childhood education. Workshops and seminars should be organized at times to re-train teachers on how to use instructional materials.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/428 ENHANCING CHILDREN’S READING SKILLS THROUGH THE USE OF SHARED BOOK READING AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN AWKA MERTROPOLIS 2020-09-17T14:22:29+00:00 Tonia. U. Chigbo-Obasi aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Ngozi E. Anyikwa aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>The study investigated the use of shared book reading in developing children’s reading skills in primary schools in Awka metropolis. The design of the study was descriptive survey. Four research questions were posed to guide the study. A total of 239 teachers teaching in the 52 government approved primary schools in the area of the study constituted the population. All of 239 teachers constituted the sample for the study. &nbsp;Data was collected using 30 item researcher-developed questionnaire tagged Developing Children’s Reading Skills Through Shared Book Reading (DCRSTSBR). The instrument was face validated by 3 experts; two in Early Childhood and one from Measurement and Evaluation all from the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Cronbach Alpha was used to test for reliability of the instrument. The items yielded coefficient of 0.79 and the instrument was therefore adopted for the study. Mean values were used to answer the research questions. Findings revealed that active participation in literacy, understanding that pictures can provide clues among others are the importance of shared book reading. Introducing the story by discussing the title, cover and author among others are the strategies that can enhance children’s participation during shared reading. Non-availability of developmentally appropriate reading text, pupils feeling shy among others are the pupil’s challenges. Some of the possible solutions to these challenges include; collecting reading books that are appropriate for the level of the pupils with consideration of pupil’s interest and introducing the text by discussing the title, cover and author. Based on the findings, it was recommended that government at all levels, should support learning by providing primary schools with developmentally age-appropriate books for learning and organize workshop to educate teachers more on developing reading skills through the use of shared book reading.&nbsp;</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/427 CHALLENGES OF GAME-BASED LEARNING STRATEGIES IN TEACHING MATHEMATICS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN NKANU WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE 2020-09-17T14:15:08+00:00 Jennifer C. Oluwatayo aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Ngozi E. Anyikwa aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Ngozi. D. Obidike aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>The study was designed to determine the challenges of game-based learning strategy in teaching mathematic in primary schools in Nkanu West Local Government Area of Enugu State. Three research questions guided the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population of the study comprised of 665 primary school teachers in 54 public primary schools in Nkanu West Local Government Area of Enugu State. &nbsp;A sample of 200 primary school teachers was used for the study using simple random sampling technique. The researchers developed an instrument titled “Challenges of Game-Based Learning Strategy in Teaching Mathematics in Primary School (CG-BLSTMPS)” Questionnaire. The instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach Alpha was used to measure the internal consistency and co-efficient of 0.92, 0.77 and 0.79 were obtained with an overall co-efficient of 0.83. Data collected were analyzed using weighted mean to answer the research questions and standard deviation to determine the homogeneity or otherwise of the respondents' views. Findings of study revealed that teachers do not use the available games such as circle race game, binary tic tac game geo-board game among others to teach mathematics in primary schools. Findings of the study also revealed that teachers are faced with challenges of using game-base to teach mathematics which includes; lack of teacher’s knowledge or proficiencies on the use of game, inadequate time for instruction of using game and large class size among others. The study also disclosed that adequate spaces for game should be provided to enable teachers use game in teaching mathematics and gaming materials such as software, hardware, slide, and boards among others should be made available for teachers to use in teaching mathematics among others. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that Enugu State Government in conjunction with Parent Teachers Association (PTA) should provide adequate and functional game materials and infrastructural facilities in primary schools in order to enable teachers use diversify strategy to teach mathematics to pupils for better understanding which will stimulate effective teaching and learning process.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/jecape/article/view/426 PLAY MATERIALS AND TEACHERS KNOWLEDGE OF GOALS OF PLAY IN PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN UYO URBAN, AKWA IBOM STATE 2020-09-17T14:06:46+00:00 Samuel Esu Ubong aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng Eyo Timothy Iniobong aa.ezenwanne@unizik.edu.ng <p>The research study investigated play materials and teachers’ knowledge of goals of play activities in pre-primary schools in Uyo Urban of Akwa Ibom State. Three research questions guided the study. The researchers adopted the survey design. The population of the study consisted of all the 685 teachers in all the 18 pre-primary schools in Uyo Urban.&nbsp; The sample of the study consisted of 60 teachers randomly drawn from the pre-primary schools in Uyo Urban of Akwa Ibom State. Frequency, percentage and rank order were used to analyze and interpret the data. The findings on the play materials showed pre-primary schools in Uyo Urban have materials for both the outdoor and indoor activities but their availability varies from school to school. The findings also revealed that teachers are knowledgeable about the role of play activities in children’s creative and cognitive development especially on the physical development. This seems to suggest that play activities are not mutually exclusive; hence children’s development should be considered holistically through play activities. The following recommendations among others were made, flexible outdoor play components needed by adding equipment and materials capitalizing on the natural features of the play space, creating interest area and active time block each day should be reserved for activities from which the children can select and suggestions for further research were made on the basis of the findings.</p> 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Early Childhood and Primary Education