BALOGUN LEO IYANDA'S REPRESENTATIONS OF SOCIAL REALITIES IN L'ENFER AU PAYS DES BLANCS
Social realities such as immigration, racial discrimination, marriage, corruption, prostitution,¬†slavery and unemployment are thematic preoccupations of Balogun's L'Enfer au pays des blancs.¬†Previous studies on this novel have dwelt largely on the theme of immigration with less attention¬†paid to the other social realities mentionned and how Balogun represents them in his works. This¬†work therefore examines these social realities as represented by Balogun, with a view to depicting¬†his outlook on these social realities and their effects on the illegal immigrant Africans in Europe.¬†Postcolonial theory was adopted as framework to interrogate the Us-Other mentality of the¬†colonisers and the colonised. Otherness, subalternityand stereotypes are concepts adopted to¬†examine Baloguns representations of social realities in LEnfer au pay des blancs.¬†The novel depicts the sufferings of African immigrants in Europe, especially those without proper¬†documentation, who, he refers to as ''des sans papier' (those without paper). These African
immigrants are stereotyped as those perpetrating all the evils in Europe. They live like slaves and¬†must always hide from the police to avoid repatriation. Balogun insists that one is better off living in¬†one's country than living in another man's country. He also appeals to African leaders to help find¬†an adequate solution to the problem of illegal migration.