UNIZIK Journal of Educational Management and Policy https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp <p>UNIZIK Journal of Educational Management and Policy (UJOEMP) is a Journal of the Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. It is an on-line, peer reviewed inter disciplinary Journal with high reputation and excellence. It publishes original and well researched empirical and theoretical studies in education and allied disciplines with a view to promoting education in Nigeria.</p> <p>The Editorial Board wishes to state that the opinions expressed in the articles are those of the respective authors and not that of the Department nor the Editors. Thus only the author(s) shall be liable for any copyright violation including plagiarism.</p> <p>Authors are to send their articles through <a href="mailto:ujoemp@journals.unizik.edu.ng">ujoemp@journals.unizik.edu.ng</a></p> en-US go.unachukwu@unizik.edu.ng (Prof. Glad Unachukwu) go.unachukwu@unizik.edu.ng (Prof. Glad Unachukwu) Wed, 16 Dec 2020 13:32:14 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 PARENTAL HOME-BASED INVOLVEMENT AND ACADEMIC SELF-EFFICACY AS CORRELATES OF ACADEMIC ENGAGEMENT AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN NNEWI NORTH LGA, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/599 <p>This study investigated parental home-based involvement and academic self-efficacy as correlates of academic engagement among secondary school students in Nnewi North LGA, Anambra State, Nigeria. Correlational design was employed for the study. Two research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population comprised 1065 SS2 students in eight public secondary schools in Nnewi North LGA, of the state. The entire population was used for the study. Three instruments were used for data collection, namely: Parental Home-Based Involvement Questionnaire (PHBIQ; Academic Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (ASEQ); and Student Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ). Three experts, two in the field of Educational Psychology and one in Measurement and Evaluation validated the instruments. The reliability of the instruments were determined using the Cronbach Alpha and alpha coefficient of 0.72 was obtained for PHBIQ, 0.79 for AEQ and 0.74 for ASEQ. Data collected were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) for answering the research questions and the t-test of significance of r for testing the hypotheses. Findings indicated that parental involvement has a moderate and positive relationship with student engagement in secondary school. It was also revealed that academic self-efficacy has a high and positive relationship with academic engagement among secondary school students. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that parents should continue getting involved in their children’s academic lives as this promotes students’ academic engagement.</p> Anierobi, E. I., Prof. Unachukwu, G. C. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/599 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 LECTURERS’ JOB PERFORMANCE AND STUDENTS’ WASTAGE RATE IN TERTIARY IN KWARA STATE INSTITUTIONS, NIGERIA, 2007-2010 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/600 <p>This paper investigated the lecturers’ job performance and students’ wastage rate in tertiary institutions, in Kwara State, Nigeria, 2007/2008-2009/2010 academic session. Lecturer job performance and student wastage rate concepts were reviewed under which some indicators for measuring both variables were mentioned. The descriptive design of correlation type was adopted for this study which aimed at finding out the relationship between lecturers’ job performance and students’ wastage rate. Four out of the eight tertiary institutions in Kwara State were sampled using random simple sampling technique. Two researcher designed instruments were used for data collection which are a questionnaire tagged, “Lecturers’ Job Performance Questionnaire” (LJPQ) and a checklist tagged “Students’ Wastage Checklist” (SWC). Cronbach method through a pilot test was employed to determine the reliability of the instrument which yielded coefficient values of 0.85 for (LJPQ). The research questions were answered using percentage while Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that a significant relationship existed between lecturers’ job performance and students’ wastage rate (p-value &lt; 0.05). It was recommended among others that wastage rate should be reduced to the barest minimum by ensuring that admission is based on merit, and that institution management in the polytechnics should encourage lecturers to publish books and also improve their academic knowledge from time to time.</p> Awodiji, O. A. Ph.D, Oluwalola, F. K. Ph D, Ogbudinkpa, I. C. Ph.D, Awotunde, R. O. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/600 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 EXPLORING CAPACITY BUILDING OPPORTUNITIES IN THE OPERATIONS OF OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING FOR GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS IN NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/601 <p>The changing trend from face-to-face teaching and learning to Open and Distance Learning (ODL) modes in public universities has made it necessary to provide lecturers with capacity building opportunities to garner basic skills for ODL course designs, pedagogy, e-tutoring, examining students in line with the global best practices. The paper explored capacity building opportunities in the operations of ODL for global competitiveness in Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The sample of the study comprised 120 lecturers drawn by proportionate stratified sampling technique from five out of the 12 dual-mode universities in Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was a 15 item researcher developed questionnaire structured on a 4-point scale of strongly agree, agree, disagree and strongly disagree weighted 4 to 1 respectively. The instrument was pilot tested in one of the dual mode universities and validated through peer review by the researchers. Cronbach Alpha test for internal consistency was used for the reliability of the instrument. SPSS was used to compute and a coefficient index of 0.73 was obtained, thus the instrument was considered reliable. Data collected were analyzed using statistical mean. The findings of the study revealed that there exist knowledge and skill gaps in the operation of ODL programme among lecturers in the dual-mode universities. It is observed that there is limited access to capacity building opportunities in the operations of ODL in the dual-mode universities in Nigeria. Based on the findings, it was recommended that deliberate efforts should be made by university administrators to facilitate continuous capacity building of lecturers in the key areas of ODL operation; providing specific budgetary allocation for training, retraining and exploring capacity building opportunities in local, regional and international workshops.</p> Dada, M. S. Ph.D, Zaifada, B. I. Ph.D, Ofie, L. Ph.D Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/601 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 REWARD AND TRAINING PRACTICES ADOPTED BY PRINCIPALS FOR ENHANCING TEACHERS’ WORK ATTITUDE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/602 <p>Secondary school teachers’ persistent lateness to work, absenteeism and other forms of misconduct in Anambra State, Nigeria seem to put the capacity of principals in managing human resource, in doubt. This prompted the researchers to investigate reward and training practices adopted by principals for enhancing teachers’ work attitude in secondary schools in Anambra State, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 6,654 respondents (258 principals and 6,396 teachers) in the 261 state government owned public secondary schools in Anambra State. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to draw 672 respondents (51 principals and 621 teachers) as the sample for the study. A researcher-developed questionnaire titled ‘‘Principals’ Reward and Training Practices Questionnaire (PRTPQ)’’ was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was ascertained using Cronbach Alpha which yielded an overall reliability of 0.77 for the instrument with coefficients for the clusters being 0.78 and 0.75 respectively. The researchers together with five research assistants collected data for the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed among others that the reward practices adopted by principals for enhancing teachers’ work attitude in secondary schools include: recommending outstanding staff for promotion, issuing of commendation letters to dedicated staff and that training practices they adopted include providing opportunities for members of staff to attend seminars, organising orientation programmes for new staff in school, encouraging members of staff to attend conferences and supporting staff to undertake refresher courses. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others thatthe State Government should collaborate with the Ministry of Education to work out modalities for teachers’ professional advancement in the teaching profession through training in form of workshops and symposium that will refresh their mind on those concepts, ideas, skills, methods and practices which they learnt in school.</p> Ewim, E. C., Prof. Unachukwu, Glad O., Ugwu, I. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/602 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 IMPACT OF TEACHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ON TEACHING AND LEARNING IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ANAMBRA STATE https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/603 <p>This study examined impact of teacher professional development on teaching and learning in junior secondary schools in Anambra state. It was guided by four research questions and one hypothesis was tested. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study comprised of 4,095 junior secondary school teachers in the school. Multi stage procedure involving proportionate sampling and simple random sampling (balloting without replacement) were used to draw the sample. This amounted to 180 teachers as sample for the study. Instrument used for data collection was a 20 item questionnaire distributed to 180 junior secondary school teachers. Out of this number, 158 were duly completed, returned and used for the study. The instrument for the study was tagged Impact of Teacher Professional Development on Teaching and Learning (ITPDTL) with reliability coefficients of 0.76, 0.74, 0.68 and 0.73 for the four clusters and an overall coefficient of 0.72. The reliability was determined using Cronbach Alpha technique. Analysis of data collected was done g arithmetic mean scores to answer the four research questions while t-test was used in testing the hypothesis at 0.05 alpha level. Findings revealed among other things that to a high extent, teachers are aware of terms like instructional material, teaching methodology, evaluation and classroom management. Findings also revealed that most teachers, to a high extent lacked the professional development in these areas due to lack of consistent re-training exercise. It also revealed that year of experience has been helpful in teaching profession. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that teachers need retraining workshops on uses of instructional materials, sensitization on methods of teaching, use of different evaluation strategies and exposed to classroom management practices to effectively manage students in their classes.</p> Obineme, P. O. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/603 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 JOB SATISFACTION AS A DETERMINANT OF TEACHERS’ COMMITMENT IN BASIC SHOOLS IN ILORIN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/604 <p>This study examined job satisfaction as a determinant of teachers’ commitment in basic schools in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State, Nigeria. Four hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted descriptive research design of survey type. Stratified sampling technique was used to draw 14(32.6%) upper basic schools and 22(33.3%) lower basic schools out of the 43 and 64such schools respectively in the LGA. Ten teachers were randomly sampled from each of the 36 sampled schools; while the 14 principals, 42 vice principals, 22 head teachers and 36 assistant head teachers in the sampled schools were automatically sampled. This gave a total sample size of 474 respondents. Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (JSQ) and Teachers’ Commitment Questionnaire (TCQ) were used to collect data for the study. The JSQ and TCQ were validated and tested for reliability. Reliability coefficients of 0.84 and 0.81 respectively were obtained. Pearson Product moment Correlation was used to analyse the data. The findings of the study revealed that there was a significant relationship between job satisfaction and teachers’ commitment in basic schools in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State,Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommended that Kwara State Government should prioritize effective provision of motivation to basic school teachers to make them develop high sense of job satisfaction which would enhance high commitment to the job; and consequently, discharge their official duties in a way which would enhance students’ academic performance.</p> Sulyman, K. O., Aloba, F. M., Abdulrauf, B. I. Ph.D, Alao, B. O. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/604 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 AN INVESTIGATION OF SCHOOL CLIMATE IN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/605 <p>Creating and sustaining positive school climate has become a vital factor in modern school management. This is because positive school climate has been found to be an essential ingredient of school effectiveness. This study was driven by the assumption that private schools in Delta state are better managed than the public secondary schools. This assumption could be attributed to many factors, one being the management proficiency in creating positive school climate in these schools. The study was therefore set to examine the difference in school climate of the private and public secondary schools in Delta state, Nigeria. Two hypotheses were tested. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study with the population comprising all the teachers in private and public secondary schools in Delta state. The multi-stage sampling procedure involving the cluster, stratified and simple random sampling techniques were adopted and 1,200 teachers were sampled from 679 secondary schools (328 private and 351 public). Data were collected through an instrument titled School Climate Description Questionnaire adapted from John and Taylor (2005). Analysis of the data collected involved the use of the “Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Test of hypotheses involved the use of t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that teachers’ social interactions significantly differ in private and public schools. It also showed a significant difference in principals’ personal involvement and interaction with teachers in private and public secondary schools. Consequently, it was recommended that School principals should develop an open climate characterised by a high degree of trust as well as low disengagement, and that Principals should enhance their personal commitment and interaction expressed through regular effective meetings with staff to discuss progress and problems of students.</p> Ajero, J. I. Ph.D, Sule, S. A. Ph.D Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/605 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 STUDENT ENROLMENT, GLOBAL UTILISATION RATE AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/606 <p>The study examined student enrolment and global utilisation rate in public tertiary institutions in Lagos State and their influence on students’ academic performance. The study’s anchored on correlation and descriptive research designs. The population was the seven conventional public tertiary institutions and the sample of the study consisted of six institutions. The multistage sampling procedure was used to sample Departments from each sampled public tertiary institution. Four instruments were used to collect data. Their validity were ascertained. Their reliability coefficients were not sought since data collected already existed in the tertiary institutions and cannot be manipulated. Three hypotheses were tested using Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation and Regression model at 0.05 level of significance. Some of the findings were that a significant negative relationship exists between class size and students’ academic performance in public tertiary institutions in Lagos State (r=-0.302); and no significant relationship exists between global utilisation rate and students’ academic performance in public tertiary institutions in Lagos State (r=-0.047). The study concluded that class size (student enrolment) is a notable determinant of students’ academic performance in public tertiary institutions in Lagos State while global utilisation rate (time and space utilisation rate) is not. Based on the findings the study, therefore, recommended that the management of the institutions, through the quality assurance process, should ensure that lecturers and students manage the stipulated lecture hours on the timetable for effective teaching and learning. This would eliminate or reduce instructional time loss on the part of students and lecturers.</p> Akinyemi, I. A. Ph.D, Gbenu, J. B. Ph.D Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/606 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECTS OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION SKILLS TRAINING ON UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS’ HANDLING STYLES IN NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/607 <p>This study was carried out in order to determine the effects of conflict resolution skills training on university undergraduate students’ conflict handling styles. Two research questions guided the study and four null hypotheses were tested. The design adopted in this study is the quasi-experimental research design. The population of the study was 430second year students enrolled in two programmes of the Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Nigeria. The total sampling procedure was used, thus, all the 200 level students in the two programmes participated in the study. The instrument adapted and used to collect data in this study is the Thomas-Kilman Conflict Mode Instrument (TKCMI), (1976) for assessing the conflict handling styles of students. The instrument was face and content validated. The reliability of the instrument was determined using the split-half method. The analysis yielded a reliability index of 0.72. The experimental procedure was executed in three stages, namely, Pre-test, Treatment and Post-test. The study used mean, standard deviations and t-test for data analysis. The results showed that students’ conflict handling style before the training was less inspiring. Conflict resolution training was found to be effective in changing the conflict behaviour of students. The effectiveness of conflict resolution training was established in favour of a training conducted using Conflict Resolution Trainers’ Manual by Hollier, Cornelius &amp; Murray (2008) and less improvements when trained using the GST222 curriculum. Based on the findings, it was recommended that university authority evolved a training programme that can provide students with needed knowhow on conflict management. The study also recommended a review of the GST222 curriculum to meet contemporary needs and that conflict resolution skills training should be encouraged to enhance students’ conflict handling styles.</p> Apeh, H. A. Ph.D, Mbaegbu, I. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/607 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 ADEQUACY OF STRATEGIC PLAN IMPLEMENTATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS’ ADMINISTRATION FOR SUSTAINABLE EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/608 <p>The study examined the adequacy of strategic plan implementation in secondary school administration for sustainable educational development in Anambra State, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population consisted all the 262 principals in Anambra state public secondary schools. Multi stage sampling procedure was used to draw a sample of 178 principals (50 males and 128 females) for the study. A twenty-item structured questionnaire developed by the researchers was used for data collection. Cronbach Alpha coefficient was used to establish the reliability of the instrument which yielded an index of 0.82 and thus deemed appropriate. All the 178 copies of the instrument administered were properly completed, retrieved and used for data analysis. Research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation, while the null hypotheses were tested using t-test. The findings of the study revealed among others that strategic plan implementation of secondary school curriculum content in Anambra State is very adequate to drive the students to educational success for sustainable development. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that Government should provide adequate fund for the promotion of quality education in Anambra State.</p> Osegbue, G. C., Nnubia, J. N. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/608 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 MINIMIZING COMMUNICATION BARRIERS FOR EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/609 <p>Communication is key to effective management of higher institutions like the University system. Both academic and non-academic staff need to be properly informed before they can be efficient on their jobs while the students on their own part need to know what is expected of them. What this means is that effective communication network should be put in place to facilitate easy flow of information if the university’s vision and mission must be actualized. This paper examined the communication network in the university system in Nigeria and suggested ways that communication barriers such as use of ambiguous words, wrong timing and inappropriate communication network can be overcome in the Universities. The paper recommended that managers of Nigerian Universities should ensure that communication gaps are reduced to their barest minimum for effective management of the institutions.</p> Aiwuyo, O. M., Prof. Omoregie, E. O., Jimoh, B. O. Ph.D Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/609 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 PRINCIPALS’ APPLICATION OF PERSONNEL AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/611 <p>The main purpose of the study was to determine principals’ application of personnel and financial management practices for effective administration of secondary schools in Awka Education zone, Anambra State, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 116 principals made up of 61 public secondary schools principals and 55 private secondary school principals in the zone. Instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire developed by the researchers. The instrument was validated by three experts in business education. The instrument was further subjected to reliability testing through a pilot test on 20 principals, ten from private and ten from public secondary schools in Enugu State who were not included in the population of the study. The application of Cronbach Alpha on the obtained data yielded coefficient values of 0.78 and 0.82 for the two clusters of the instrument with an overall reliability co-efficient of 0.80. Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test. Findings of the study revealed that principals in public and private secondary schools applied personnel and financial management practices for effective administration of secondary schools to a moderate extent, and that public and private secondary school principals did not differ in their mean ratings on their application of personnel and financial management practices for effective administration of secondary schools in Awka Education Zone, Anambra State, Nigeria. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that the Post Primary School Service Commission should organize training programmes and conferences for principals in secondary school where they will be educated on the need to understand the strategies for motivating and rewarding staff for greater performance on the job.</p> Onuorah, H. C. Ph.D, Egbosi, I. B. Ph.D Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/611 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND ACADEMIC STAFF TURNOVER IN PUBLIC HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/612 <p>The study sought to determine the human resource management practices in public (Federal and State government owned) higher institutions in Lagos State from 2001-2010 and the extent to which the same affected turnover in the institutions. The study was anchored on ex-post facto and descriptive research designs. It was guided by two research questions and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population was 3,333 academic staff as at 2010 (Federal higher institutions=1960; State higher institutions=1373). A sample of 474 academic staff (Federal=190; State=284), was drawn using stratified random sampling technique and consisting of only those staff that had spent a minimum of 10 years in service at their respective institutions. Two instruments used for data collection were questionnaires developed by the researchers. They are entitled Human Resource Management Practice Questionnaire (HRMPQ) and Records Observation on Academic Staff Turnover from the Institutions. Experts in measurement and evaluation assisted in ensuring the face validity of the instruments. The reliability of HRMPQ was ascertained using test re-test method within an interval of two weeks. The result was analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and which yielded r=0.89.All the 474 copies of the instrument administered were properly completed, successfully retrieved and used for data analysis. Data were analyzed using percentages, mean score, Spearman correlation, and the General Linear Model (Univariate Analysis of Variance). These were supplemented with post hoc tests, tables and graphs. The results obtained showed that there is high turnover in both Federal and State higher institutions in Lagos State. However, there is significant difference between of human resource management practices based on types of higher institutions. Also, a significant difference existed between the means of the elements of human resource management practices; There was a strong negative correlation between human resource management practices and academic staff turnover in State higher institutions which was not statistically significant. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that there should be increase in funding to higher institutions especially State owned ones; that career development opportunities be made for academic staff; and that promotion of deserving academic staff should be effected without undue delay, especially if such staff have met the required minimum standard for promotion.</p> Kolawole, O. O. Ph.D Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/612 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF REPETITION RATES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/613 <p>In every state of Nigeria Anambra State inclusive, one major problem confronting secondary education is that the total number of students who enroll into schools do not complete the duration of their course or education as at the stipulated time due to many reasonsincluding class failures. This situation is considered as repetition. Repetition constitutes a management problem and drains the limited resources available to education. In view of this, this study was carried out to analyse the rate of repetition in secondary schools in Anambra state, Nigeria. Three research questions guided the study.The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population was 781 secondary schools comprising 257 public and 524 private from the six education zones in the state. The sample was 235 secondary schools comprising 78 public and 158 private drawn using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Data were collected through the use of a researcher designed inventory proforma titled Analysis of Repetition Rate in Secondary Schools in Anambra State. The Proforma was divided into two sections; A and B. Section A contains biodata of the schools while section B contains items specifying enrolment, promotion, and repetition. The instrument was validated by three experts who are lecturers in the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University. A reliability coefficient of 0.83 for the instrument was obtained using Cronbach Alpha for the test of internal consistency. The researcher used ‘on the spot’ method to collect data from the respondents. All the 235copie of the instrument administered were successfully retrieved after completion and were used for data analysis. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, simple percentage scores and the results also expressed in bar graphs. The study revealed that there was low repetition rate in private secondary schools compared to public secondary schools, and that repetition rate was highest in SS1. It was also found out that Otuocha zone has the highest rate of repetition compared to other zones. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that there should be increased funding to education and that provision of facilities in the schools should be improved.</p> Amaonye, C. B., Prof. Unachukwu, Glad O., Anachuna, O. N. Copyright (c) 2020 https://journals.unizik.edu.ng/index.php/ujoemp/article/view/613 Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000