Effects of Computer Assisted Instruction and Demonstration Method on Secondary School Studentsâ€™ Achievement in Computer Studies in Ogidi Education Zone
Keywords:Computer-assisted instruction, demonstration, computer-studies, achievement
The study investigated the effects of computer assisted instruction (CAI) and demonstration method on secondary school studentsâ€™ achievement in computer studies in Ogidi Education Zone. Two research questions guided the study and three hypotheses were tested 0.05 level of significance. Quasi-experimental design was adopted, specifically the pre-test post-test non-equivalent group design. The population for the study was 2,314 computer studies from the zone. A sample of 206 SS 2 computer studies students was involved in the study. The instrument for data collection was Computer Studies Achievement Test (CSAT) validated by two experts and one experienced computer studies teacher. The reliability of the CSAT was established using Kuder-Richardson formula 20 which yielded a coefficient value of 0.79. Data were collected by administering the instruments as pre-test and post-test before and after treatment respectively. The data obtained were analysed using mean, standard deviation to answer research questions and Analysis of Covariance to test the hypotheses. The CAI was found to be more effective in enhancing the achievement in computer studies than the demonstration method. Demonstration method however, was more effective than expository method. The findings of the study showed recommended that computer studies teachers should adopt the use of CAI and demonstration method in teaching computer studies.