De-Radicalization and Reintegration of Nigerian Repentant Terrorists in Restorative Justice: Issues and Challenges


  • Andy O. Mmakwe University of Jos, Nigeria


Radicalization, De-radicalization, Boko Haram, Ex-insurgents, Restorative Justice


As the war on insurgency continues to take its toll on lives, the economy and other aspects of
human concerns, the Nigerian Government has embarked on a de-radicalization programme,
Operation Safe Corridor (OSC), with a view to facilitating the rehabilitation and reintegration of
the ex-insurgents. This programme initiated in 2015 through which repentant Boko Haram
members were encouraged to surrender and embrace peace is aimed at finding a lasting solution
to the persistent Islamic extremism in the North-East. This programme is facing a serious
challenge as many victims and members of the local communities are hostile to the
returning/repentant insurgents as a result of the trauma from their losses and on their perceived
ground that these former fighters are incapable of repentance. This paper x-rays these challenges
and argues that as laudable as the programme is, the de-radicalization programme cannot record
much success without addressing and resolving grievances and root causes of conflict via a
process that involves all affected groups. The paper relies on secondary sources such as
textbooks, journals, articles and other library based sources and recommends a Reconciliation
programme – a component of Restorative Justice as a way of making the initiative more
comprehensive to achieve the success envisaged through the Operation Safe Corridor.

Author Biography

Andy O. Mmakwe, University of Jos, Nigeria

Andy O. Mmakwe Research Fellow, Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (NIALS), Abuja, LLB,
BL,LLM, PhD Scholar University of Jos, Nigeria