PHYSICAL EDUCATORS’ EFFORTS TO INCLUDE CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES USING DATA ON ASSESSMENT SCORES IN IN GENERAL PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASS IN ANAMBRA STATE: IMPACT OF GENDER AND EDUCATION QUALIFICATION
Keywords:physical educators, efforts, children, disabilities, assessment scores, physical education,
The study investigated the physical educators’ efforts to include children with disabilities
using data on assessment scores in in general physical education class in Anambra State and
the impact their gender and education qualification would have on these efforts. One research
questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.
The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study
comprised all the 91 teachers teaching Physical Education at the J.S.S 3 in the 261 public
secondary schools in Anambra State. All the 91 teachers were used for the study due to the
relatively manageable size of the population. The researchers adapted a research instrument
titled ‘‘Liberman Inclusion Rating Scale for Physical Education (LIRSPE)’’. This was used
for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the
instrument was ascertained using Cronbach Alpha which yielded an overall coefficient of
0.83. The researchers together with 6 research assistants collected data for the study and a
78% return rate was recorded. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the
research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. The major findings of the
study revealed that physical educators made efforts to include children with disabilities using
assessment scores in general physical education class. It was also reported that the
professional and non-professional physical educators differ significantly in their efforts to
include children with disabilities using assessment scores in general physical education class.
Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that the Ministry of Education
should organize annual in-service training for physical education teachers’ especially nonprofessional ones to upgrade their skills and knowledge on current trends of including
children with disabilities using assessment scores in their class.