ANALYSIS OF REPETITION RATES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA
Keywords:Analysis, Repetition rate, Public, Private, Secondary Schools
In every state of Nigeria Anambra State inclusive, one major problem confronting secondary education is that the total number of students who enroll into schools do not complete the duration of their course or education as at the stipulated time due to many reasonsincluding class failures. This situation is considered as repetition. Repetition constitutes a management problem and drains the limited resources available to education. In view of this, this study was carried out to analyse the rate of repetition in secondary schools in Anambra state, Nigeria. Three research questions guided the study.The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population was 781 secondary schools comprising 257 public and 524 private from the six education zones in the state. The sample was 235 secondary schools comprising 78 public and 158 private drawn using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Data were collected through the use of a researcher designed inventory proforma titled Analysis of Repetition Rate in Secondary Schools in Anambra State. The Proforma was divided into two sections; A and B. Section A contains biodata of the schools while section B contains items specifying enrolment, promotion, and repetition. The instrument was validated by three experts who are lecturers in the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University. A reliability coefficient of 0.83 for the instrument was obtained using Cronbach Alpha for the test of internal consistency. The researcher used â€˜on the spotâ€™ method to collect data from the respondents. All the 235copie of the instrument administered were successfully retrieved after completion and were used for data analysis. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, simple percentage scores and the results also expressed in bar graphs. The study revealed that there was low repetition rate in private secondary schools compared to public secondary schools, and that repetition rate was highest in SS1. It was also found out that Otuocha zone has the highest rate of repetition compared to other zones. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that there should be increased funding to education and that provision of facilities in the schools should be improved.